Africana Studia no. 37: Palestina: Ambiente e Conflito

Already available Africana Studia no. 37 - Ambiente e Conflito



  • Editorial (pág.5)
  • Palestine – a Colonial Environment
    • Mazin B. Qumsiyeh e Issa Musa Albaradeiya - Politics, powers and the environment in Palestine (pág. 9)
    • Duaa Husein e Mazin B. Qumsiyeh - Impact of Israeli Segregation and Annexation Wall on Palestinian biodiversity (pág. 19)
    • María Fernanda Cáceres Sánchez - The exploitation of natural resources in Area C of the West Bank as indicator of annexation (pág. 27)
    • Mazin B. Qumsiyeh e Mohammad Abusarhan - Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on biodiversity conservation in the Israeli occupied West Bank, Palestine (pág. 49)
  • Way to resist: Palestinian Land and People
    • Sana Khalid Hasan Ghazal - Land use changes into the Palestinian central mountains: Nablus Municipality, a case study (pág. 63)
    • Mohammad Muhsen, Mustapha El Hannini e Ahmad Abu Hammad - Land use changes and spatial analysis of an urban development case study: Shu’fat camp area of Jerusalem (pág. 79)
    • Halima Abu Haneya - Urban self-development of a Palestinian refugee camp in Jerusalem (pág. 91)
    • Mazin B. Qumsiyeh, Reena Saeed, Mohammad Najajrah, Nedal Katbeh-Badr, Hadeel Ikhmais, Otto Simonett, Alex Mackey e Maria E. Libert - Environmental education and climate change in a colonial context (pág. 109)
  • Entrevistas
    • Issa Musa Adwan (pág. 125)
    • Kamal Abdulfattah (pág. 131)
  • África em debate
    • André Luiz Reis da Silva e Vasco Alberto Banze - Integração tripartida entre SADC-EAC-COMESA: perspetivas e implicações para SADC (137)
  • Notas de leitura 
    • René Pélissier - L’adieu aux (l)armes (pág. 159)
  • Resumos (pág. 165)
  • Legenda das ilustrações (pág. 177)



Palestine – Environment and Conflict

Several files published by Africana Studia included material about Arab speaking countries, from Northern Africa to the Middle East. Still, this is the first one to focus exclusively on a non-African reality and apparently one not framed within a comparative perspective.
In fact, the comparative framework is clearly there. Palestine, like almost all African territories for about eight decades – and especially like South African apartheid between the 1950s and 1990’s – is a conflict area with key lessons for colonial studies, which remain a “classical “ field of interest for Africana Studia.
Palestinian heritage is rather complex – this is a land of cultural convergences since Ancient times – but its current status is quite simple: a colonial power controls the land, the sea, the air and the people. Colonial systems touch every territorial dimension, whether it is visible (geographical) or invisible (culture). Their mastering of spaces implies changes in landscape and in the environment as well as in the minds of their inhabitants. This is the case of the Palestinian territories under foreign control with its obvious impact on populations, environments and culture.
In order to contribute to the understanding of the general colonization phenomena throughout its Palestinian variant, a research network including Palestinian Universities and CEAUP was organized. The goal of the network was limited. Many aspects of the Palestinian colonial conflict have been addressed in the scientific literature regarding Law studies, Human Rights, refugees, political violence and resistance, no to speak of other broad issues on history and sociology. This current number of Africana Studia intends just to focus on a rather neglected but much needed dimension: the impact of the conflict on the living environment and the landscape of the Palestinian people.
It is now consensual that the global environmental situation is dire and that humanity faces a critical human rights junction. Numerous international fora, official documents, and scientific events and publications discuss climate change, habitat destruction, pollution, overexploitation, invasive species. However, few of them have addressed these topics in the context of colonial Palestine under Israeli occupation. We wish that the current collection of papers in your hand will provide a new path and that it may raise significant questions about this hidden face of Palestinian reality.
This current issue includes researches’ results on:
– how Israel exploits natural resources in the geopolitical area C (60 % of the West Bank);
– the impact of the apartheid/segregation wall on the Palestinian Environment;
– the special and temporal changes in Shufat refugee camp in Jerusalem;

– the changes in Nablus area landscape/land usage;
– the unexpected findings of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on biodiversity in Palestine.
It also includes analytic papers that also give future hope on:
– an urban self-development of a Palestinian Refugee Camp in Jerusalem, where Shufat refugee camp residents act on their own behalf (agency);
– the successful activity, against all odds, of by Palestinian institutions (Environment Quality Authority, NGOs, Academia) to research or protect the environment under the power imbalance between colonizers and colonized;
– an innovative model of education and awareness-raising in order to change behavioral change vis-à-vis climate change.

Two enlightening interviews with leading personalities with regards to research and action in favour of Palestinian Environment were added. 
This collection of research papers provides building blocks in a highly demanding literature about the interplay between conflict and the environment. Still, much more research along the same genre is needed. We just hope to have accelerated its more than certain arrival in the upcoming years.
We thank the interest of the colleagues who responded to the open call and their contribution. We also thank Carla Delgado for her assistance in this special issue, which marks a special milestone in the geographical scope of Africana Studia.
After all, it may be not so exceptional: Palestine is located in the Sinai geologic microplate, which geologists mostly agree to be a subsection of the gigantic Nubian plate. Anyway, we are all Africans by origin. Plus: at least in the context of environmental issues we are – or we should be – all Palestinians.

Ahmad Abu Hammad*
Maciel Santos**
Mazin Qumsiyeh***
Mustapha El Hannani****

* Department of Geography and Geoinformatics Birzeit University Birzeit Palestine. Associate Professor.
*** Palestine Institute for Biodiversity and Sustainability, Bethlehem University. Professor and director.
**** ESO-Angers, UMR 6590 CNR, Université d’Angers. SFR Confluences, France.


Nº de registo: 124732
Depósito legal: 138153/99
ISSN: 0874-2375
DOI Africana Studia n.º 37:

Editor/Entidade proprietária: Centro de Estudos Africanos da Universidade do Porto -
FLUP, Via Panorâmica s/n – 4150-564 Porto
Email: Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.
NIF da entidade proprietária: 504 045 466
Este trabalho é financiado por fundos nacionais através da FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P, no âmbito do Projeto UIDB/00495/2020
Diretor: Maciel Morais Santos (Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.)
Secretariado: Carla Delgado
Revisão gráfica e de textos: Henriqueta Antunes
Sede da redação: FLUP, Via Panorâmica s/n - 4150-564 Porto

Tiragem: 200 exemplares
Periodicidade: semestral
Design e impressão: Uniarte Gráfica, SA - Rua Pinheiro de Campanhã, 342 - 4300-414 Porto

Conselho Científico/Advisory Board: Adriano Vasco Rodrigues (CEAUP), Alexander Keese (U. Genève/CEAUP), Ana Maria Brito (FLUP), Augusto Nascimento (FLUL), Collette Dubois (U. Aix-en-Provence), Dmitri Bondarenko (Instituto de Estudos Africanos - Moscovo), Eduardo Costa Dias (CEA-ISCTE), Eduardo Medeiros (U. Évora), Emmanuel Tchoumtchoua (U. Douala), Fernando Afonso (Unilab/CEAUP), Joana Pereira Leite (CESA-ISEG), João Garcia (FLUP), José Carlos Venâncio (U. Beira Interior), Malyn Newitt (King’s College), Manuel Rodrigues de Areia (U. Coimbra), Manzambi V. Fernandes (Faculdade de Letras e Ciências Sociais de Luanda)/CEAUP), Martin Rupyia (UNISA - Pretória), Michel Cahen (IEP-U. Bordéus IV), Nizar Tadjiti (U. Tetouan/ CEAUP), Paul Nugent (U. Edimburgo), Paulo de Carvalho (Faculdade de Letras e Ciências Sociais de Luanda), Philip Havik (IHMT), Suzanne Daveau (U. Lisboa).

Conselho editorial/Editorial Board: Amélia Queirós, Amina Aty, Carla Delgado, Celina Silva, Flora Oliveira, Jorge Ribeiro, Joséphine Ernotte, Maciel Santos, Mourad Aty, Nur Rabah Latif, Renata Moreira, Rui da Silva, T. P. Wilkinson.

Venda online:
Advertência: Proibida a reprodução total ou parcial do conteúdo desta publicação (na versão em papel ou eletrónica) sem autorização prévia por escrito do CEAUP.
Africana Studia é uma revista publicada com arbitragem científica.
Africana Studia é uma revista da rede Africa-Europe Group for Interdidisciplinary Studies

Capa: Olive trees and the Israeli Wall near Bethlehem. August, 2014. Photo: Carmo Matos.

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